In post yesterday (May 20) – “Must the Reformation Wars Continue?” – I ended by stating that there is a question I now routinely ask in my dialogue and mission with Catholics and Protestants. The question first came to me in a public setting that I’d like to explain.
A decade or so ago I was recruited by an adult Sunday School class in a Nazarene Church to publicly interact with a Catholic theologian. A moderator by the name of Alan Krashesky (photo at left), the ABC television news anchor for Chicago, was chosen to lead this dialogue. At first I believe the adult class wanted us to have a debate but we both refused. I do not see debate formats as truly helpful except for winning points with those who already agree with your position. (Krashesky is a former-Catholic and yet he is profoundly trusted by the archdiocese for his fairness, a fairness that he has shown again and again in my presence.) I told the hosts that I would much rather have a conversation about the Christian faith that would allow us to respond to one another, discuss our very real differences, and then simply see what happened. They sought and found a partner for me in Fr. Thomas Baima. Fr. Baima is the Vice Rector for Academic Affairs at Mundelein Seminary, the archdiocesan seminary for Chicago. He is also a seasoned and skilled ecumenist who oversees the office of ecumenism for the archdiocese. He has served both the late Cardinal Bernardin and Cardinal George. Since that evening he has become a very dear friend to me.
During this exciting evening discussion, one which was my first in this context, we were each responding alternately to nine questions that had been prepared in advance by the adult class. I think it was question four but I shall never forget it. The card said, “When is a person born again?” Fr. Baima led off and spoke of baptism as a sacrament that gives spiritual life. I was prepared to disagree, at least at one level, but I felt that the Holy Spirit prompted me very strongly to not take that direction. I asked the moderator if I could ask a question rather than give a simple response. (Fr. Baima was praying that this would happen so he quickly agreed.) I asked, “If, assuming that you are right Fr. Baima, a person is born of the Spirit in baptism (and many Protestants actually agree that this happens) does that baptized person need to come to an explicit, personal saving faith in Christ alone and thus become a conscious disciple who follows Jesus as their Lord and Savior?” Fr. Baima answered without hesitating: “Yes!” I then said, “Why then do so many former-Catholics who are sitting here this evening find this response so totally surprising? They are quite sure that they never heard a clear proclamation of the good news from a priest or anyone else in their church, a proclamation that was accompanied by a call to explicit faith and repentance.” His answer was just as clear: “Our priests, and teachers of Christian formation, have not always done a solid job of proclaiming personal faith and discipleship.” I was stunned. But I must tell you that since that evening I have had this dialogue over and over again. The response is almost always the same. I could quote numerous Catholic preachers, documents and theologians who are all saying the same.
Let me state, in my own words, what the Catholic Church really teaches about faith and repentance and the necessity of a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. Merely participating in baptism, confirmation, the eucharist and the entire sacramental system, without personally encountering Jesus Christ in faith and repentance, by the power of the Holy Spirit, will not save anyone. This includes the clergy. It should go without saying that this is true for all Christian churches and traditions; e.g. Baptist, Bible, Charismatic, Lutheran, Methodist, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Reformed, Episcopal, Orthodox or Catholic! The simple fact is clear – you can be reared in a (any) Christian tradition and not personally know the grace of God in Jesus Christ. Lèon Joseph Cardinal Suenens, a major contributor to Vatican II (especially to the Decree on Ecumenism), once wrote:
It is not the truth about Jesus but the truth of Jesus which was at the basis of conversion. Experiencing Christ comes of necessity before the definition of that experience. St. Thomas Aquinas, a theologian whom no one would suspect of anti-intellectualism teaches that the object of faith is not found in doctrinal propositions concerning God, but in God itself known and loved in personal relationship.
To be a true Christian means, further more, to have met Jesus personally, as Savior, and as Lord. I must accept Jesus totally, as a reality, the Lord and Master of my life as I live and experience it day by day. During what we call the Christian centuries, it was commonly accepted that a Christian was, in the first place, someone who “practiced” his religion . . . Faith was judged by a perceptible norm: namely, the practice of one’s religion (Italics are mine, A New Pentecost, New York: Seabury Press, 1975, 59). Please understand, dear Catholic and Protestant reader, the late Cardinal Suenens (1904-1996) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was also a major theological voice at Vatican II. He was a Belgian prelate and a man powerfully filled with the Holy Spirit. In the same book Suenens quotes from a French bishop: “We held the Vatican II Council in the belief it was self-evident that Christians were essentially destined to be missionaries. But that presupposes that they are believers. In fact, this was true only of a few.” Please read that statement again very slowly. This is a cardinal of the Catholic Church, a major theologian of the Council, writing these words it in 1975, over twenty years after the Council.
Finally, Suenens added:
We must help Christians to become continually aware of their faith and live it on a more personal level. Many must be helped to exchange a sociological Christianity for a full and active life of faith. Christianity, which we have inherited which has its foundation mainly in the family and education, must mature into a Christianity of choice, based on a personal decision and embraced with full consciousness. As Tertullian said, “Christians become so, they are not born” (Italics again are mind, A New Pentecost, 121).
At the time I asked Fr. Baima my question in our dialogue that Sunday evening I had no idea that this type of clear teaching existed within the Catholic Church. I assumed that I knew what the Catholic Church clearly taught. I further assumed that if this or that was believed then anything like what you read above was not possible. It was, at least to my mind, a clear contradiction. I really only knew what I read in a few statements that I did not understand and in what I saw in the practice of many, many Catholics that I had personally led to trust Christ as their Lord and Savior while I was a pastor. These Catholics, as many Catholics now know all too well, are professing Christ but they do not know him personally.
I suggest that a far better strategy than one which invokes the “anathemas” of the Council of Trent is to pursue a deeper understanding of what I’ve written above. Here we can truly begin. Here we do not start with where we differ, though we do differ. Here we can truly begin because this is where Christianity should always begin – with Christ at the center and deeply personal, saving faith through Christian experience the main issue for life and mission. This is what I mean by missional-ecumenism really. It is precisely here that we can learn from one another and still disagree. But when we start here we will do this as true friends and real Christians.
If you read carefully you will soon find that the new evangelization of the Catholic Church clearly recognizes that evangelizing Catholics who do not have personal, saving faith is a major priority. I am an open, prayerful supporter of this “new evangelization.” How can I not be if I want all people everywhere, especially inside the Christian church, to know the living Christ as Lord and Savior?
All of this raised another question, one I will address tomorrow in Part Seven:
“How Do We Evangelize Church Members, Both Catholic and Protestant?”