Robert Fritz, whose book The Path of Least Resistance I’ve drawing offering insights from over the last few days, has several others published titles to his name. One title, which sounds like a seventeenth-century one, tells you everything about his central thesis. This book is called: A Short Course in Creating What you Always Wanted to But Couldn’t Because Nobody Ever Told You How Because They Didn’t Know Either. I’m not kidding. The subtitle of The Path of Least Resistance offers further insight into what Fritz is teaching: “Learning to Become the Creative Force in Your Own Life.”
Fritz is not selling intuition or mystical theory. He believes that you and I can really learn how to create what we desire to be or to do. There is a learning process that can be used to explore and attain your ends/goals as a creative person. Yesterday I began by looking at some of the fundamental principles he provides. A major hurdle to creativity is the reactive-response orientation. He concludes: “Parents understandably want their children to avoid negative consequences. But the strategy of avoiding trouble is taught and reinforced until it can become an automatic lifetime habit” (17). We were taught, by various lessons we learned as children, that “circumstances” are the dominant force in our lives. Most psychology, especially pop-psychology, underscores this powerfully in contemporary culture. The church is most definitely not immune to this thinking. The basic premise behind it is that we are fundamentally powerless.
As I noted in my conclusion yesterday, problem solving kills creativity as much as any single human pattern. Problem solving is sometimes needed. We face serious problems and must address them. But at best problem solving brings temporary relief, solutions that will likely lead us back to problems that we must solve again and again. Final success lies elsewhere, which is where creativity and vision connect. Fritz uses an example taken from solving a food and water shortage in Ethiopia. Relief solves many problems but it does not give long term answers. The intensity of the problem drives it and once a solution is offered people are then less motivated to act. Thus, “problem solving as a way of life becomes self-defeating” (35).
The vital creative question is simple: “What do I want to create?” The creative process has a variety of styles, ranging from highly controlled ones to very uncontrolled responses. There needs to be a focus on critical judgment, followed by a freeing of the mind that leads to a renewed focus of the mind. Fritz makes this point with a simple story:
Creating is more like actual fishing. Before you go to the pond, you focus on the kind of fish you want to catch. If you want trout, you bring fly-casting equipment. If you want bass, you bring sinkers and bait.
There is always an unknown quality in the creative process, as there is in fishing, but when you are aware of the final result you want to create, you are able to focus the process, rather than make the process a random one (39).
Medicine gives us another model that illustrates the point Fritz is making here about the difference between solving problems versus creating. The medical model is focused on solving problems. Observe the symptoms, diagnose the causes, and prescribe solutions. In the world of psychotherapy this model is dominant. Find out what is wrong and fix it.
I have found the same to be true inside the church. Most leadership is focused on solving problems. Find out what is wrong and then work to correct it. This kind of leadership is called for in every social realm that we live in but it will not lead to creative focus and process. Medical science is not a method for creating health. Newer trends in modern medicine are learning about holistic health and thus borrowing ideas from other approaches in science and study. This has led to a new emphasis, especially over the last decade or so, on not just alleviating disease but on creating good health. A simple illustration of this can be seen in the rise of nutritional information and teaching on better health.
It is essential that a clear distinction be made between problem solving and creating. “The reason that this distinction is important is that most people are truly interested in creating the lives they want to live. Problem solving does not enable them to create what they want and often perpetuates what they do not want” (41).
The steps that Fritz sees in the creative process are simple:
1. Conceive the result that you want to create. Don’t start anything until you are entirely clear what you want to see as the result of the process. Knowing what you want is an acquired skill since most forms of education encouraged you to adopt “correct” responses, not a response that most people cannot see yet.
2. Know what currently exists. If you are painting a picture then you need to know the current state of the painting as it is being developed. Know what you’ve created so far before you take the next step in the creative process. View all reality objectively. In music conservatories students are taught to identify rhythms, harmonies, and intervals by hearing them. This skill is called “ear training.” All creative people need to develop this skill.
3. Take action. Creating is a matter of invention rather than convention. You take an action and it may work or not work. If it works you take the next action but if not then you change course, even slightly. All action works, including those actions that fail, if you keep the end result of what you are creating clearly in view. “The stock-in-trade of a creator are the abilities to experiment and to evaluate one’s experiments” (53). As I noted yesterday Fritz believes that it is not willpower or determination that enable you to continue the creative process, but learning as you go. I suggest that this is built on a humble epistemology, one that says I do not have or know all the truth. Even the truth I know I might now know as I should or could. This is why so many Christians fail the creative task. They sincerely believe that they know the truth, as a system of ideas and doctrines they can explain, and this hinders them from seeing a different outcome. Again and again I hear, “The unity that you envision can never happen because _____.”
4. Learn the rhythms of the creative process. There are three distinct phases of this process. First, germination. This begins in excitement and newness. This often comes from the unusualness of the new activity. Second, assimilation. The thrill is gone so in this process “you live with your concept of what you want to create and internalize it. It becomes part of you. Because of this you are able to generate energy to use your experiments and learning” (54) Third, completion. This stage applies the energy of the first two stages to the creation itself. You seek to bring your goal to final completion. As completion comes you are energized to germinate your next creation.
5. Creating momentum. Much of what has been written about creativity speaks of it as if it was “beginner’s luck.” But professional creators, like Robert Fritz, take a different tone. They believes that true creativity is not luck, or mystery, but “ever-increasing momentum” (54). Who has the better chance to create success, the novice or the person who has been doing this work for years? The answer explains why some of the finest creative acts in art, science, business and human leadership have come from people well past their 40s and 50s in age. (This gives me great hope!)
Each new creation prepares the creator for a new success. It adds experience and knowledge of your own creative process. This process can be learned and taught. If you understand it you can focus on an outcome others cannot see and pursue it with faith.
But why would you create anything? I’ll answer that tomorrow.