Two Philosophers – Two Responses to Life

I have the amazing privilege of sharing the platform with a diversity of Christian speakers and authors. Last Saturday I spoke for the Prison Fellowship Centurions program near Lansing, Michigan. There where three speakers at this particular gathering. One was a Centurion from within the group and the other, besides myself, was UnknownDr. Cornelius Plantinga. Plantinga recently retired as president of Calvin Theological Seminary in Grand Rapids. Cornelius Plantinga has written several books including the award-winning Not the Way It’s Supposed to Be: A Breviary of Sin (1995), Engaging God’s World: A Christian Vision of Faith, Learning and Living (2002), and Discerning the Spirits: A Guide to Thinking About Christian Worship (2003). Cornelius Plantinga, who goes by Neal among his friends, is now Senior Research Fellow at the Calvin Institute of Christian Worship and president emeritus of Calvin Theological Seminary. He spoke on “The Christian’s Calling.” He gave a magnificent and simple presentation of the Kuyperian worldview. His emphasis on the kingdom of God stressed the fact that we are all “called” to vocation (our divine calling), not just to get a job and do something holy (mission or evangelism). This view corrects an oft misused interpretation of Paul’s idea of tent-making as the biblical norm for mission and ministry.

Neal Plantinga told a story in his talk he took from his famous older brother, philosopher Alvin Plantinga. Dr. Alvin Plantinga is the John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame and is also a prolific thinker and writer. Indeed, Alvin Plantinga represents an entire “field/discipline” of Christian apologetics/philosophy known as “Reformed epistemology.” According to Reformed epistemology, belief in God can be rational and justified even without arguments or evidence for the existence of God. More specifically, Alvin Plantinga argues that belief in God is properly basic, and due to a religious externalist epistemology, he then goes on to claim that belief in God could be justified independently of evidence. His externalist epistemology is technically called “proper functionalism.”

220px-Alvin_PlantingaAlvin Plantinga lives in the world of “big” ideas and philosophical arguments. His friendships range across a wide personal and academic spectrum. One of his good friends is an equally well-known philosopher who is an avowed atheist. This unbelieving professor asked Plantinga why he believed in God to which Plantinga responded, “Because I cannot believe anything else.” He went on to say that he is convinced of God, and the reality of God’s being and loving nature, because of a work of grace upon his heart without any convincing proofs. The atheist was a bit taken back by this honest answer from the great thinker. Plantinga then asked his friend, “Why do you not believe in God?” The equally famous philosopher said, “I cannot believe in God because I am not prepared to allow anyone to take control of my life and the way I choose to live it.”

I almost shouted “Amen” at this point but this was a lecture, not a highly emotional praise context. In my heart I said, “Of course. This is the bottom line difference between the believer and the unbeliever.” We do not have “proof” (as in final and certain proof) for our faith. But we have been seized by a person who loves us and lives in us. We know this grace and love flowing out of our inner being. We can do no other than worship and follow Christ because we have come to know him so deeply through his grace. The unbeliever refuses to give his mind and heart to such a God precisely because he chooses to remain independent and autonomous. Ultimately the believer has God alone to thank for her faith. The unbeliever has no one to blame but herself since she refuses to give God even a whisper of a real opportunity to crack open the door of her interior being.

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